Most of the things that go into the trash and then to the landfill contain components and materials that can be recycled and reused. For example, here: https://towingandscrapcarremoval.ca/scrap-car-removal-north-york/. This applies primarily to items made of paper, cardboard, wood, plastic, glass and metal. It is no coincidence that containers for such materials are most often installed in the organization of separate waste collection in different countries.
Scrap metal recycling
Scrap metal is probably one of the most popular types of waste. It is collected even where there is no established system of separate waste collection. Non-ferrous metal products are especially valuable, but recycling one ton of ferrous metal saves 1.15 tons of iron ore, 635 kg of coal and 54 kg of limestone, as well as up to 75% of the energy required to produce the same amount of new material. And when recycling aluminum cans, energy savings are as high as 95%. One of the main advantages of recycling metal is that it can be recycled bent, burnt or corroded. After remelting, scrap metal can be used to produce almost any product from the same material without deteriorating its properties.
Interesting facts: one
ton of old computer components contains the same amount of gold as 18 tons of gold-bearing rock. Apple has a special robot, Liam, that prepares old smartphones, tablets and other branded products for recycling. It is capable not only of disassembling them, but also of separating the gold, platinum, silver, copper, cobalt, lithium, and other substances contained in the gadgets.
How waste paper is used
Another convenient type of material for recycling is paper and cardboard. In Soviet times waste paper, i.e. intended for recycling paper and cardboard, was very actively collected, but now it is not too profitable for the consumer, which cannot be said about the economy and ecology. One ton of recycled waste paper saves about 17 trees, saves 40% of energy and 30% of water for the production of similar products.
From recycled paper they produce packaging, toilet paper, various printing products and much more. There is one catch though – not all paper is suitable for reuse, and it also has to be dry and clean.
What do you collect cans and bottles for?
No additives or coatings are used in the production of glass jars and bottles that could interfere with their recycling, so these are the products that are usually accepted at recycling points. Recycling just one bottle can save up to 400 watts of electricity. Universal packaging can be reused after disinfection, and glass breakage is used in the production of various construction materials.
What can be made of recycled plastic
Plastic recycling is one of the most promising and actively developing areas in the field of recycling raw materials. The task is complicated by the large number of varieties of plastic and the content of different additives in its products, but modern technology allows us to solve this problem. In addition, sometimes plastic products are used even in unrecycled form. For example, in 2010 in Taipei, a Taiwanese company built a showroom out of 1.5 million plastic bottles, and in the Philippines they are even used to build educational institutions.
various containers, car interior trim elements, casings of various gadgets, furniture, building materials, sports equipment, clothing and more.
H&M, Adidas, Levi’s actively use recycled plastic in the production of fabrics, and Nike – for the production of sports equipment.
In India, new roads are made up of 10% recycled plastic mixed with bitumen. In 2015, the local government obliged builders to use this technology.
In 2015, the Dutch company PlasticRoad developed a technology to produce modules with cavities from plastic waste for routing utilities for road construction.
In Yekaterinburg, the fences and benches installed along Lenin Avenue in Zelenaya Roscha Park are made of plastic products recycled by the local company Uraltermoplast.
The British company Lightweight Tiles LTD produces tiles from plastic waste that look like ceramic tiles.