This article will be of interest to both new and experienced motorists. Some will be able to help you pick up the car is extremely relevant to your claims, some find out all the details of one or the other drive. And someone will learn more about scrap car removal.
All people who consider themselves at least a little knowledgeable in the industry of automotive engineering, it is famili
ar that such a drive in the car. But just in case we repeat: the motor power must be transmitted to the wheels, what wheels it will be transmitted – and so the drive. Of course, this is not the most punctual explanation, but the essence to grasp is possible. Finally, there are three types of drive: front, rear and full drive. Let us consider each of them.
As is evident from the name, the energy of the motor is transferred to the front wheels. This type of drive is often found in affordable Japanese cars. It has the smallest mass in consequence of the absence of the cardan shaft. The car with front-wheel drive is prone to drifting, since the front part of the car is heavier than the rear.
Advantages: better cross-country ability than with the rear drive, it is best suited for young drivers, due to its relative simplicity.
Disadvantages: the car is prone to drifting, poor dynamic characteristics.
The energy is transferred to the rear wheels. This drive is found on the “classic” VAZ, American cars. In addition, European and Japanese cars of high class have rear drive.
Pros: excellent dynamic data, so this drive is used in sports cars.
Disadvantages: not ideal for inexperienced automobile enthusiasts, prone to skidding.
The energy is transmitted to all four wheels. This drive is found in station wagons and sedans of the highest and middle price category, off-road vehicles and sports cars (mainly pre-prepared for the rally). All-wheel drive comes in a variety of forms. It is possible that the power of the engine is equally split between the front and back axles, or maybe it is split in the ratio of 30% to the front and 70% to the rear axle, as in a Lamborghini Gallardo, for example. It is possible that in natural driving conditions all the energy is transmitted to the front wheels, but when they start to slip, the rear wheels are engaged. Such scheme is used in Mitsubishi Outlander.
Pluses: excellent flotation, is most suitable for inexperienced motorists, cars with full drive in most cases does not drift, does not plunge into the skid. In case the clutch of wheels with asphalt decreases, the car will slide with all 4 wheels.
Disadvantages: the most expensive and heavy sample drive.